(January 15) - Water could be one of the most destructive elements in a natural disaster if it results to flooding or storm surges as with supertyphoon Yolanda, or in oceanic waves as with the 2004 Asian tsunami.
The Robert B. Fox, Sr. Papers
Scope and Contents Note
The heirs of Robert B. Fox turned over his collection to the University of the Philippines Baguio in 2007. The exhibit of Dr. Fox’s papers coincided with the opening of the Archives in August 22, 2007. His collection includes field notes, photographs, correspondences, published works, theses, undergraduate as well as graduate student papers, newspaper clippings, maps, financial records, drafts of his books and papers, conference programs, conference papers, office memos, manuscripts of works of other anthropologists, beta tapes, drawings and other personal papers.
Robert Fox’s collection measures approximately 17.33 linear feet.
Robert Bradford Fox was born on May 11, 1918, in Galveston, Texas. He received his AB (Anthropology) from the University of Southern California (1941); his MA (Anthropology) from the University of Texas (1944); and his Ph.D. (Anthropology) from the University of Chicago (1954). Fox was a distinguished American anthropologist who made substantive and enduring contributions to Philippine anthropology through his research, publications, teaching, and public service.
Fox was for many years the Chief Anthropologist of the Philippine National Museum. Besides his service with the National Museum, Dr. Fox taught at the University of the Philippines and served as Presidential Assistant for National Minorities and Presidential Adviser on Anthropology under then President Ferdinand E. Marcos.
For some four years and eight months, Fox conducted field research among numerous folk and mountain peoples in the Philippines. He spent more than six years of cave and open-site archaeology in Albay, Batangas, Palawan, Pampanga, Sorsogon, and numerous brief periods of explorations in other areas. With colleagues at the National Museum of the Philippines, Fox excavated the Tabon caves in Palawan, which led to the discovery of the late Pleistocene human fossil remains and associated stone implements. The fossil finds which represented more than just one individual and better known as the “Tabon Man,” include a skull cap, jaw bones, teeth and several other fragmented bones. Their age has been determined using Radiometric dating, giving dates between 16500 ± 2000 B.P. for the skull cap and 48000 ± 11-10000 B.P. for the tibia fragment.
Fox’s major publications include, “The Pinatubo Negritos : Their Useful Plants and Material Culture,” The Philippine Journal of Science (1951); “Religion and Society Among the Tagbanuwa of Palawan Island, Philippines,” (1954); and “The Tabon Caves : Archaeological Excavations on Palawan Island, Philippines (1962-65),” Philippine Journal of Science.
Zamora, Mario D. “Obituary: Robert Bradford Fox (1918-1985),” The Journal of Asian Studies. 45(3): 667. May 1986.
Box List (Preliminary List)
Box 1 (Field Notes)
Box 2 (Field Notes)
Box 3 (Field Notes)
Box 7 to 9
Contains Tagbanuwa papers. Each folder is labeled by topic.
Box 10 to 11
Contains outgoing and in-coming communications of Dr. Fox and fellow anthropologists. Folders are labeled by year.
A. General Correspondences
B. Outgoing Communications
Box 34 (Oversize Box)
Box 35 (Oversize photos, illustrations, etc.)
o Sketch Map of Three Hectare Lots (Claim by Tagabilis) Situated in the Municipalities of Surala, Banga & Tupi Province of South Cotabato, Island of Mindanao
o Map of the Philippines
o Map of Luzon
The Laurence L. Wilson Papers
Scope and Content Notes
The Laurence Wilson collection of black and white photographs, film negatives, and correspondences between H. Otley Beyer, Henry A. Kamora and Francisco Billiet were in the possession of the UP Baguio Cordillera Studies Center Library since the ‘80s. According to Prof. Analyn Salvador, who made an inventory of the photographs, there is no accurate date when the CSC Library acquired these materials. Sometime in 1982, Dr. William Henry Scott donated some photographs and historic maps to the Center. These black and white photographs were said to be the collection of Laurence Lee Wilson.
The photographs, negatives, slides, correspondences and manuscripts are contained in two (2) boxes.
Laurence Wilson, mining prospector, anthropologist, folklorist was born in Omaha, Nebraska on September 16, 1885. His father was of Scotch-Irish ancestry and his mother of French Hugeunot extraction. He graduated from the San Jose High School in 1904. He obtained his B.S. with emphasis in mining and anthropology from the University of California.
Following his mother’s death, he decided to come to the Philippines in 1930, stopping on the way to study and work in Japan and China. In the Philippines, he entered into mining activities, prospecting and development work. He located the Masinloc chrome deposit for Masinloc and other mineral deposits.
After the war, Wilson became more active as a folklorist recording Cordillera oral traditions and publishing them first in the Baguio Midland Courier and later in book form. He assisted Prof. H. Otley Beyer in collecting palaeontological material at the Anda sites in Pangasinan.
Wilson’s publications in book form are: “Igorot Mining Methods and Legends,” (1932); “Ilongot Life and Legends,” (1947); “The Skyland of the Philippines,” (1953); “Tales from the Mountain Province,” (1958).
Source: Manuel, E. Arsenio and Magdalena Avenir Manuel. Dictionary of Philippine Biography. Quezon City : Filipiniana, 1995.
“Contours of Baguio’s History” (2 copies)
“Tourism : Igorots at the St. Louis Fair” (2 copies)
“Prehistory in Northern Luzon” (2 copies)
“Press Release” (Correction) – 2 copies
“Press Release” (1 copy)
o 1854 – 1871
o B 890 book 3 1871
o B 888 1851 book 1
o B 889 1854 – 1876 book 2
o B 893 1872
o 1849 – 1897
o 1849 – 1894 SDS 3775
o 1849 – 1851 SDS 3778-A
o 1848 – 1898
o 1860 – 1896
o 1855 – 1891 book 1
o 1826 – 1869 book 1
o 1849 – 1868
o 1869 – 1897 book 1
o 1869 – 1897 book 2
o 1849 – 1868
o Atlas y bajar (1890 – 1898) : Abra
Scope and Content Notes
The UP Baguio Cordillera/Northern Luzon Archives received the Howard Fry collection in August 2008. Prior to this date, on June 20, 2008, UP President Emerlinda Roman and UP Baguio Chancellor Priscilla Macansantos accepted the Fry collection in a symbolic turnover at UP Diliman, with the participation of Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Edgardo V. Espiritu and members of the UP Baguio Executive Staff. A formal launch of the collection was held on September 2, 2008 in UP Baguio.
Fry’s papers include his dissertation, published works and notes. The papers are contained in eight (8) boxes.
Dr. Howard T. Fry was educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge University, where he won an organ scholarship in 1938. His studies were interrupted by the Second World War, in which he served first in the Army, and then as a pilot in the Royal Air Force. Completing his studies at Cambridge after the war, he spent several years as a school-master, and for a while, returned to the Royal Air Force as a flying instructor.
In 1963, he returned to Cambridge University to study for a Ph.D. Dr. Fry developed interest in the Philippines when he was pursuing research on the English East India Company with Alexander Dalrymple at the helm. This would later become the subject of his dissertation.
In 1968, Dr. Fry joined the History Department of James Cook University of North Queensland, Australia, where his interest in Southeast Asia and the Philippines was further strengthened. At James Cook University he was asked to organize a program of Southeast Asian historical studies. He there upon made the study of Philippine history one of his own fields of specialization, and James Cook University became the only university in Australia to make the study of Philippine history a top priority in its Southeast Asian program.
In the seventies he spent time at the Notre Dame de Jolo. During his visits to the Philippines, he traveled to the Cordillera where he met his wife Georgiana Caoili Alipio. Dr. Fry acknowledges Giana for introducing him “to part of the Cordillera Central.”
Fry, Howard. A History of the Mountain Province. Rev. ed. Quezon City : New Day, c2006.
Florendo, Maria Nela B. “Howard Fry Collection Finds a Home in UP Baguio.” Ti Similla. August 2008. pp. 1-2.